The Roles of Perspective Taking, Empathic Concern, and Prosocial Moral Reasoning in the Self-Reported Prosocial Behaviors of Filipino and Turkish Young Adults

Zehra Gülseven, Asiye Kumru, Gustavo Carlo, Maria Rosario de Guzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traditional social cognitive model of prosocial development suggests important links between both sociocognitive and socioemotive traits and prosocial behaviors. The present study examined the relations among perspective taking, empathic concern, prosocial moral reasoning, and public, emotional, compliant, and anonymous prosocial behaviors in Filipino and Turkish young adults to test the generalizability of this traditional model. Participants were 257 college students recruited from state universities in Ankara, Turkey (57 women, 83 men; Mage = 19.26 years, SD = 0.63) and Manila, the Philippines (75 women, 42 men; Mage = 18.41 years, SD = 1.44). Results showed that the relations among perspective taking, empathic concern, prosocial moral reasoning, and four types of self-reported prosocial behaviors were robust across two countries and gender. Perspective taking was positively related to empathic concern, which, in turn, was positively related to emotional and compliant prosocial behaviors. Perspective taking was also positively related to prosocial moral reasoning, which, in turn, was positively related to anonymous and negatively related to public prosocial behaviors. Overall, the findings provide support for the generalizability of traditional model of prosocial development and extend our understanding of prosocial behaviors to two non-Western, collectivist-oriented societies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)814-830
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • culture
  • empathic concern
  • moral development
  • perspective taking
  • prosocial behavior
  • prosocial moral reasoning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

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