The roseoloviruses downregulate the protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPRC (CD45)

Melissa L. Whyte, Kelsey A. Smith, Amanda Buchberger, Linda Berg Luecke, Lidya Handayani Tjan, Yasuko Mori, Rebekah L. Gundry, Amy W. Hudson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Like all herpesviruses, the roseoloviruses (HHV6A, -6B, and -7) establish lifelong infection within their host, requiring these viruses to evade host antiviral responses. One common host-evasion strategy is the downregulation of host-encoded, surface-expressed glycoproteins. Roseoloviruses have been shown to evade the host immune response by downregulating NK-activating ligands, class I MHC, and the TCR/CD3 complex. To more globally identify glycoproteins that are differentially expressed on the surface of HHV6Ainfected cells, we performed cell surface capture of N-linked glycoproteins present on the surface of T cells infected with HHV6A, and compared these to proteins present on the surface of uninfected T cells. We found that the protein tyrosine phosphatase CD45 is downregulated in T cells infected with HHV6A. We also demonstrated that CD45 is similarly downregulated in cells infected with HHV7. CD45 is essential for signaling through the T cell receptor and, as such, is necessary for developing a fully functional immune response. Interestingly, the closely related betaherpesviruses human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) have also separately evolved unique mechanisms to target CD45. While HCMV and MCMV target CD45 signaling and trafficking, HHV6A acts to downregulate CD45 transcripts. IMPORTANCE Human herpesviruses-6 and -7 infect essentially 100% of the world's population before the age of 5 and then remain latent or persistent in their host throughout life. As such, these viruses are among the most pervasive and stealthy of all viruses. Host immune cells rely on the presence of surface-expressed proteins to identify and target virus-infected cells. Here, we investigated the changes that occur to proteins expressed on the cell surface of T cells after infection with human herpesvirus-6A. We discovered that HHV-6A infection results in a reduction of CD45 on the surface of infected T cells and impaired activation in response to T cell receptor stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere01628
JournalJournal of virology
Volume95
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CD45
  • HHV-6A
  • HHV-7
  • Herpesviruses
  • Immune evasion
  • PTPRC
  • T cell activation
  • Zap70

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The roseoloviruses downregulate the protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPRC (CD45)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this