The nuclear hormone receptors liver X receptor α (LXRα) and LXRβ function as physiological receptors for oxidized cholesterol metabolites (oxysterols) and regulate several aspects of cholesterol and lipid metabolism. Seladin-1 was originally identified as a gene whose expression was down-regulated in regions of the brain associated with Alzheimer's disease. Seladin-1 has been demonstrated to be neuroprotective and was later characterized as 3β-hydroxysterol-Δctase (DHCR24), a key enzyme in the cholesterologenic pathway. Seladin-1 has also been shown to regulate lipid raft formation. In a whole genome screen for direct LXRα target genes, we identified an LXRα occupancy site within the second intron of the Seladin-1/DHCR24 gene. We characterized a novel LXR response element within the second intron of this gene that is able to confer LXR-specific ligand responsiveness to reporter gene in both HepG2 and human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Furthermore, we found that Seladin-1/ DHCR24 gene expression is significantly decreased in skin isolated from LXRβ-null mice. Our data suggest that Seladin-1/DHCR24 is an LXR target gene and that LXR may regulate lipid raft formation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine