The survival of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus on 4 household surfaces

John Oxford, Eitan N. Berezin, Patrice Courvalin, Dominic E. Dwyer, Martin Exner, Laura A. Jana, Mitsuo Kaku, Christopher Lee, Kgosi Letlape, Donald E. Low, Tariq Ahmed Madani, Joseph R. Rubino, Narendra Saini, Barry D. Schoub, Carlo Signorelli, Philip M. Tierno, Xuhui Zhong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


We investigated the survival of a pandemic strain of influenza A H1N1 on a variety of common household surfaces where multiple samples were taken from 4 types of common household fomite at 7 time points. Results showed that influenza A H1N1sw virus particles remained infectious for 48 hours on a wooden surface, for 24 hours on stainless steel and plastic surfaces, and for 8 hours on a cloth surface, although virus recovery from the cloth may have been suboptimal. Our results suggest that pandemic influenza A H1N1 can survive on common household fomites for extended periods of time, and that good hand hygiene and regular disinfection of commonly touched surfaces should be practiced during the influenza season to help reduce transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-425
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • Cleaning
  • Cloth
  • Handwashing
  • Home
  • Hygiene
  • Infection
  • Plastic
  • Stainless steel
  • Transmission
  • Wood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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