The Transcribed-Ultra Conserved Regions (T-UCRs) are a class of novel non-coding RNAs that arise from the dark matter of the genome. T-UCRs are highly conserved between mouse, rat, and human genomes, which might indicate a definitive role for these elements in health and disease. The growing body of evidence suggests that T-UCRs contribute to oncogenic pathways. Neuroblastoma is a type of childhood cancer that is challenging to treat. The role of non-coding RNAs in the pathogenesis of neuroblastoma, in particular for cancer development, progression, and therapy resistance, has been documented. Exosmic non-coding RNAs are also involved in shaping the biology of the tumor microenvironment in neuroblastoma. In recent years, the involvement of T-UCRs in a wide variety of pathways in neuroblastoma has been discovered. Here, we present an overview of the involvement of T-UCRs in various cellular pathways, such as DNA damage response, proliferation, chemotherapy response, MYCN (v-myc myelocytomatosis viral related oncogene, neuroblastoma derived (avian)) amplification, gene copy number, and immune response, as well as correlate it to patient survival in neuroblastoma.
- Therapy resistance
- Transcribed-ultra conserved regions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology