The utility of locus of control for assessing juvenile amenability to treatment

Gregory L. Page, Mario J. Scalora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


One of the many factors that must be considered when conducting juvenile risk assessments is treatment amenability. Traditionally, research on risk assessments has focused on treatment needs, likelihood of violence, and likelihood of recidivism. However, there has been little empirical guidance for assessing treatment amenability. This article proposes the possibility of using locus of control as a psychological construct to aid in assessing treatment amenability of juveniles. Through a review of the locus of control literature, the authors found that internal orientation has been found to relate to increased treatment participation, help-seeking behaviors, and positive treatment outcomes. Further, external orientation has been found to be related to poorer treatment participation and outcomes. While there is some debate whether locus of control is a static or a fluid phenomenon, its ability as a predictor of treatment amenability as well as an indicator of treatment response is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-534
Number of pages12
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 2004


  • Juveniles
  • Locus of control
  • Risk assessment
  • Treatment amenability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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