The vertebrate retina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


The retina is an outpost of the central nervous system (CNS) with neuronal structures and proteins specialized for the transduction of light signals into a neural code that the brain can interpret. Mutations of proteins involved in phototransduction or synaptic transmission through the retina produce visual deficits ranging from subtle color vision defects to complete blindness. Although normally isolated from blood-mediated immune responses by the blood-retinal barrier, inflammatory responses, including gliosis and those mediated by the complement system, are important contributors to retinal degeneration, particularly age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). Studying immune responses in the retina and their pharmacological manipulation therefore presents a promising avenue for the treatment and prevention of retinal degeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeuroimmune Pharmacology
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783319440224
ISBN (Print)9783319440200
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Amacrine cell
  • Bipolar cell
  • Choroid
  • Cone
  • Fovea
  • Horizontal cell
  • Magnocellular ganglion cells
  • Melanopsin
  • Müller cells
  • Opsin
  • Outer segment
  • Parvocellular ganglion cells
  • Photoreceptor
  • Retina
  • Retinal ganglion cell
  • Retinal pigment epithelium
  • Ribbon
  • Rod
  • Transducin
  • mGluR6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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