Intentional mobilization of hematopoietic/stem cells into the circulation has improved the efficiency of their collection. Transplantation of mobilized blood stem cells to patients with marrow aplasia results in a faster pace of hematopoietic recovery than transplantation of marrow-derived stem cells. Autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are increasingly performed with blood-derived cells. Donors of both autologous and allogeneic blood stem cells do not always respond well to therapies designed to produce mobilization. Autologous donors may respond poorly as a result of myelotoxic damage inflicted by prior antitumor therapy, but this explanation is not valid for allogeneic donors. The mechanism(s) involved in the process of mobilization are incompletely understood. Until these mechanisms are elucidated, methods to improve mobilization vigor on a rational basis will not be obvious. In the meanwhile, clinical observations may provide some hints regarding the whys and hows of mobilization and permit incremental improvements in this process.
- Stem cell
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