The Youth Firearm Risk and Safety Tool (Youth-FiRST): Psychometrics and Validation of a Gun Attitudes and Violence Exposure Assessment Tool

Cheryl Beseler, Kimberly J. Mitchell, Lisa M. Jones, Heather A. Turner, Sherry Hamby, Roy Wade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study reports on the development of a comprehensive assessment of exposure to guns and gun-related violence for evaluating the risk of gun-related trauma. Gun access, gun attitudes, gun safety education, and exposure to gun violence were measured. Participants were 630 youth, aged 2–17. Youth, ages 10–17, completed a self-report survey and caregivers of young children, ages 2–9, completed the survey as a proxy for that child. The youth were from urban (n = 286) and rural (n = 344) areas. Factor analysis, item response theory, and structural equation modeling were used. Two factors described access to guns, two factors described gun attitudes, and a single construct captured gun safety education. The gun violence exposure factor showed strong associations with trauma symptomatology. The individual constructs showed good psychometric properties and measurement noninvariance by urbanicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-655
Number of pages21
JournalViolence and Victims
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • child
  • firearms
  • gun violence
  • measures
  • trauma
  • youth violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Law

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