The zinc-finger protein Z4 cooperates with condensin II to regulate somatic chromosome pairing and 3D chromatin organization

Marta Puerto, Mamta Shukla, Paula Bujosa, Juan Pérez-Roldán, Mònica Torràs-Llort, Srividya Tamirisa, Albert Carbonell, Carme Solé, Joynob Akter Puspo, Christopher T. Cummings, Eulàlia De Nadal, Francesc Posas, Fernando Azorín, M. Jordan Rowley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Chromosome pairing constitutes an important level of genome organization, yet the mechanisms that regulate pairing in somatic cells and the impact on 3D chromatin organization are still poorly understood. Here, we address these questions in Drosophila, an organism with robust somatic pairing. In Drosophila, pairing preferentially occurs at loci consisting of numerous architectural protein binding sites (APBSs), suggesting a role of architectural proteins (APs) in pairing regulation. Amongst these, the anti-pairing function of the condensin II subunit CAP-H2 is well established. However, the factors that regulate CAP-H2 localization and action at APBSs remain largely unknown. Here, we identify two factors that control CAP-H2 occupancy at APBSs and, therefore, regulate pairing. We show that Z4, interacts with CAP-H2 and is required for its localization at APBSs. We also show that hyperosmotic cellular stress induces fast and reversible unpairing in a Z4/CAP-H2 dependent manner. Moreover, by combining the opposite effects of Z4 depletion and osmostress, we show that pairing correlates with the strength of intrachromosomal 3D interactions, such as active (A) compartment interactions, intragenic gene-loops, and polycomb (Pc)-mediated chromatin loops. Altogether, our results reveal new players in CAP-H2-mediated pairing regulation and the intimate interplay between inter-chromosomal and intra-chromosomal 3D interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5596-5609
Number of pages14
JournalNucleic acids research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jun 10 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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