The classic measure of theory of mind is the Sally-Anne task (Wimmer and Perner, 1983; Baron-Cohen et al., 1985). In this task, the child is shown two dolls, Sally and Anne, a basket and a box. The child watches as Sally places her marble in the basket and then leaves the room. While Sally’s out, naughty Anne moves Sally’s marble from the basket to the box. Then she, too, leaves the room. Now Sally comes back into the room. The child is asked the test question: ‘Where will Sally look for her marble?'. In order to pass this task, the child must represent Sally’s mental state, her belief that the marble is in the basket. Without this representation, the child will answer on the basis of the marble’s real location, i.e. the box. Most children from the age of 4 years pass this task (Wimmer and Perner, 1983).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Personality Disorder and Serious Offending|
|Subtitle of host publication||Hospital Treatment Models|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||14|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas