Thermodynamic analysis

Yaşar Demirel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


This review mainly summarizes some of the developments on the various aspects of thermodynamic analysis within the past 15 years. Therefore, it is limited and will omit some valuable work unintentionally, mainly because of the vast number of publications in the field. The thermodynamic analyses mainly aim at assessing the thermodynamic imperfections and suggest possible ways of improving these imperfections. In this review, thermodynamic analyses have been summarized under these methodologies: (i) second law analysis, (ii) exergy analysis, (iii) pinch analysis, (iv) equipartition principle, (v) Gibbs free energy minimization, (vi) thermoeconomics, (vii) exergoeconomics, and (viii) extended exergy analysis. The exergy analysis, which is the most popular methodology, is discussed for the following systems: (1) power cycle applications, (2) biomass and coal gasification, (3) solar energy applications, (4) refrigeration, (5)waste heat utilization, (6) distillation column systems, and (7) heat and fluid flow in micro channels. Besides that, statistical and non equilibrium thermodynamics are discussed briefly. One of themain conclusions of this review is that thermodynamic analysis has been confined mainly to heat and fluid flow systems. Thermodynamic analysis with its unifying power may be more useful and effective if it is successfully expanded toward diverse and multi-scale processes in physical, chemical, and biological systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-249
Number of pages29
JournalArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Equipartition principle
  • Exergy analysis
  • Extended exergy analysis
  • Gibbs free energy minimization
  • Pinch analysis
  • Second law analysis
  • Thermoeconomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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