Thermoregulatory profile of a newer genetic line of pigs

T. M. Brown-Brandl, R. A. Eigenberg, J. A. Nienaber, S. D. Kachman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Researchers and producers alike have noted the increased susceptibility to heat stress exhibited by the newer genetic lines of pigs. A study was conducted to gather baseline information on the effects of acute heat stress on total heat production (THP), respiratory quotient (RQ), respiration rate (RR), and rectal temperature (Trectal) and to investigate the dynamic interaction of these parameters in growing-finishing barrows. Sixteen moderate-lean growth barrows were randomly assigned to a set of treatments as dictated by a repeated 4×4 Latin square crossover design. Pigs were moved from an individual pen to an indirect calorimeter where one of four environmental treatments (18, 24, 28, 32°C) were applied for 20 h. During the treatment exposure RR, THP, RQ and Trectal were measured. For the 2-week period between treatments, pigs were housed at thermoneutral (22°C). THP was found to be 17-20% higher than the published standards but comparable with other contemporary studies. Respiration rate was found to be a leading indicator of stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalLivestock Production Science
Volume71
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Calorimetry
  • Pig
  • Respiratory quotient
  • Temperature
  • Thermoregulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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