Objective: The objective was to evaluate and improve accuracy of anticipatory counseling regarding neonatal intervention for prenatally diagnosed tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) by assessing new and previously published predictors of neonatal intervention. Methods: This is a multi-center, retrospective study from three centers of 112 fetal TOF patients undergoing third trimester fetal echocardiograms from 2004 to 2017. Additional cardiac defects requiring neonatal intervention were excluded. Fetal echocardiographic, clinical, and consultation data were compared between neonatal and late intervention. Optimal echocardiographic values were determined. Results: Twenty-six infants (23%) required neonatal intervention. Those infants had significantly different pulmonary valve (PV) z-scores, PV:aortic valve (AoV) ratios, PV:AoV z-score differences (absolute difference between z-scores), and increased likelihood of abnormal ductal flow. Counseling during fetal echocardiogram regarding interventional timing was accurate for 50% needing neonatal intervention and 86% undergoing late intervention (P =.002). The best neonatal intervention predictors were PV:AoV ratio of <0.6 and counseling for neonatal intervention. PV:AoV z-score difference ≥5 provided 89% negative predictive value for excluding patients from neonatal repair. Conclusions: Third trimester fetal echocardiograms can predict interventional timing. The best predictors of neonatal intervention are PV:AoV ratio <0.6, PV:AoV z-score difference ≥5, and cardiologist counseling that neonatal intervention was likely.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology