Microbial degradation and detoxification of TNT (2,4,6-trinitrotoluene) in soils ultimately depends on the presence of effective intracellular or extracellular enzymes. TNT was rapidly degraded by an enzyme obtained from a Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain isolated from TNT-contaminated soil. The nitroreductase enzyme was purified to apparent electrophoretic homogeneity by sequential chromatography on phenyl-sepharose, hydroxyapatite, and ion exchange resins. The TNT-nitroreductase catalyzed reduction of TNT to 4-hydroxylamino-4,6-dinitrotoluene (4HADNT) and 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene (4ADNT). TNT reduction to 4ADNT in cell-free enzyme preparations corresponded to 2ADNT production by intact cells. The enzyme required NADH as a cosubstrate and the optimal pH for the reaction was approximately 6.5. The purified enzyme also exhibited NADH diaphorase activity and its denatured molecular weight was approximately 54 kDa.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Soil Science