Topographical and functional properties of precursors to severe problem behavior

Tara A. Fahmie, Brian A. Iwata

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

A literature search identified 17 articles reporting data on 34 subjects who engaged in precursors to severe problem behavior, which we examined to identify topographical and functional characteristics. Unintelligible vocalization was the most common precursor to aggression (27%) and property destruction (29%), whereas self- or nondirected movement was the most common precursor to SIB (32%). Unintelligible vocalization and object-directed movement were the most common precursors to behavior maintained by social-positive reinforcement (27% each), and unintelligible vocalization was the most common precursor to behavior maintained by social-negative reinforcement (29%). Only one precursor was reported for behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)993-997
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • functional analysis
  • precursor
  • problem behavior
  • response chain
  • response class
  • topography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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