Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) may be used as bridge therapy or destination therapy in heart failure patients. Total joint arthroplasty may improve the functional status of patients limited by arthritis. This retrospective case series evaluated patients with an implanted LVAD who underwent a total joint arthroplasty at 1 institution from 2012 to present. Five patients underwent 12 surgeries with 7 primary arthroplasties and 5 revisions. Their mortality, length of stay, coagulopathic events, incidence of infection or revision arthroplasty, and heart transplantation were evaluated, and is the largest study to date of this population. Two patients expired from thrombotic events while 3 progressed to heart transplantation. Joint arthroplasty is feasible in patients with an implanted LVAD with expected risk and perioperative multidisciplinary collaboration.
- Heart transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine