The sequential application of singlet oxygenation and peroxyl radical rearrangement provides an asymmetric entry to 4-peroxy-2-enols and 4-peroxy- 2-enones. Enantiomerically enriched 2-hydroperoxy-3-alkenols, obtained via hydroxyl-directed addition of 1O2 to Z-allylic alcohols, undergo stereospecific radical rearrangement to form 4-hydroperoxy-2-alkenols. The yields of the rearrangement are improved in the presence of excess tert- butyl hydroperoxide, which limits dimerization of the substrate peroxyl radicals. However, the rearrangement equilibrium is unaffected by the presence of polar co-solvents or by the incorporation of a group able to selectively hydrogen bond to the product hydroperoxide. Photoisomerization of the (E)-4-hydroperoxy-2-enone rearrangement products results in irreversible ring closure to furnish diastereomeric mixtures of enantiomerically enriched dioxinols. The strategy is applied to the total synthesis of the alkoxydioxine natural products chondrillin and plakorin. Comparison of the optical rotation of the synthetic material against literature reports indicates that the natural products are either enantiomerically pure or highly enriched in one enantiomer. In addition, our results conclusively demonstrate that the reported configuration of chondrillin is in error.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry