Toward sustainable production of value-added bioenergy and industrial oils in oilseed and biomass feedstocks

Kiyoul Park, Sanju A. Sanjaya, Truyen Quach, Edgar B. Cahoon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plant fatty acids are used for food, feed, fuel, and industrial materials. Structurally and chemically diverse fatty acids, referred to as unusual or specialized fatty acids, are found in the seed oils of diverse plant species. Many unusual fatty acids have potential use as alternative and renewable sources of biofuels and bio-based industrial feedstocks due to their variant structures' physical or functional properties. Oils enriched in these fatty acids can increase the value of oilseed crops and provide co-products that can be readily extracted from lignocellulosic materials in biomass crops. Here, we describe recent progress in strategies for enhancement of oil production and quality in oilseed crops and the extension of this knowledge for metabolic engineering of biomass crops. Successful implementation of these strategies, in part, through the use of emerging synthetic biology tools, will provide added product value for the economic sustainability of biomass crops as bioenergy feedstocks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1610-1623
Number of pages14
JournalGCB Bioenergy
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • hydroxy fatty acid
  • medium-chain fatty acid
  • metabolic engineering
  • sustainable oil production
  • unusual fatty acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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