Toxic shock syndromes

K. B. Laupland, H. Dele Davies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome (TSS) was first described in seven children aged 8-17 years by Todd et al. in 1978 [1]. It shortly thereafter became well known as an illness of menstruating women who used tampons [2, 3]. The syndrome is characterized by rapid onset of fever, hypotension, and multisystem failure with desquamating rash occurring in convalescence [4]. The majority of early cases reported were menstrually associated (MTSS) but this has been changing with an increasing proportion of cases non-menstrually associated (NMTSS) [5].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInfectious Diseases in Critical Care
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783540344056
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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