Toxicological evaluation of fucoidan from Cladosiphon okamuranus

Paul Gideon Thomas, R. Rengasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fucoidans are sulfated polysaccharides extracted from brown seaweeds. They have a wide spectrum of activity in biological systems. Besides their well-known anticoagulant and anti-thrombotic activity, fucoidans modulate inflammation, possess antiproliferative and anti-adhesive effects on cells, protect cells from viral infection, and interfere with mammalian fertilization. Fucoidans are now used as raw material for development of drugs and are also widely used as a health-promoting food component. However, studies on the toxicity of fucoidans from different brown algae are limited. The present study examined the acute toxicity of varying levels of fucoidan extracted from Okinawa mozuku, a brown alga (Cladosiphon okamuranus), in Wistar rats after oral administration. No significant toxicological changes were induced by fucoidan at a dose of 600 mg/kg of body weight/day. However, with concentrations at and above 1,200 mg/kg of body weight/day, clotting time was significantly prolonged. No other signs of toxicity were observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-642
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Medicinal Food
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • Anticoagulant
  • Cladosiphon okamuranus
  • Fucoidan
  • Toxicity
  • Wistar rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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