Trade integration, environmental degradation, and public health in Chile: Assessing the linkages

John C. Beghin, Bradley J. Bowland, Sébastien Dessus, David Roland-Holst, Dominique Van Der Mensbrugghe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use an empirical simulation model to examine links between trade integration, pollution, and public health in Chile. We synthesize economic, engineering, and health data to elucidate this complex relationship and support more coherent policy. Trade integration scenarios examined include Chile's accession to the NAFTA, MERCOSUR, and unilateral opening to world markets. The latter scenario induces substantial worsening of pollution, partly because it facilitates access to cheaper and dirty energy, and has a significant negative effect on urban morbidity and mortality. Damages caused by rising morbidity and mortality are of similar magnitude and substantial. Emissions of small particulates, SO2, and NO2, have the strongest impact on local mortality and morbidity. These three pollutants appear to be complementary in economic activity. Unilateral trade integration combined with a tax on small particulates brings welfare gains, which are 16 per cent higher than those obtained under unilateral trade reform alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-267
Number of pages27
JournalEnvironment and Development Economics
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • General Environmental Science
  • Economics and Econometrics

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