Training of balance under single- and dual-task conditions in older adults with balance impairment

Patima Silsupadol, Ka Chun Siu, Anne Shumway-Cook, Marjorie H. Woollacott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

153 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose. Traditionally, rehabilitation programs emphasize training balance under single-task conditions to improve balance and reduce risk for falls. The purpose of this case report is to describe 3 balance training approaches in older adults with impaired balance. Case Descriptions. Three patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 interventions: (1) single-task balance training, (2) dual-task training under a fixed-priority instructional set, and (3) dual-task training under a variable-priority instructional set. Outcomes. The patients who received balance training under dual-task conditions showed dual-task training benefits; these training benefits were maintained for 3 months. The patient who received variable-priority training showed improvement on novel dual tasks. Discussion. Older adults may be able to improve their balance under dual-task conditions only following specific types of balance training. This case report gives insight on how this intervention might be combined with more traditional physical therapy intervention. [Silsupadol P, Siu KC, Shumway-Cook A, Woollacott MH. Training of balance under single- and dual-task conditions in older adults with balance impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-281
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical therapy
Volume86
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Balance
  • Posture
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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