TREM-1 expression in macrophages is regulated at transcriptional level by NF-κB and PU.1

Heng Zeng, Magdalena Ornatowska, Myung S. Joo, Ruxana T. Sadikot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 is a recently identified immunoglobulin receptor that is expressed on neutrophils and monocytes where it amplifies the acute inflammatory response to bacteria. We examined the transcriptional regulation of TREM-1 in macrophages. Treatment of RAW cells with Escherichia coli LPS or Pseudomonas aeruginosa led to the induction of TREM-1 within 1 h with an expression lasting up to at least 24 h in vitro as detected by RT-PCR. Since the promoter of TREM-1 has multiple binding sites for NF-κB and PU.1 (one of the members of the ets family of transcription factors), we investigated the role of these transcription factors in the induction of TREM-1. Treatment of cells with NF-κB inhibitors abolished the expression of message of TREM-1 induced by LPS and P. aeruginosa. In contrast, the expression of TREM-1 was increased after stimulation with LPS or P. aeruginosa in cells that had gene of PU.1 silenced. Additionally, over-expression of PU.1 led to inhibition of TREM-1 induction in response to LPS and P. aeruginosa. These data suggest that both these transcription factors are involved in the expression of TREM-1. NF-κB functions as a positive regulator whereas PU.1 is a negative regulator of the TREM-1 gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2300-2308
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Gene regulation
  • Innate immunity
  • NF-κB
  • PU.1
  • TREM-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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