Trend analysis of streamflow drought events in Nebraska

Hong Wu, Leen Kiat Soh, Ashok Samal, Xun Hong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

A streamflow drought event, defined by applying the threshold level approach on streamflow time series, is composed of three parameters: duration, severity and magnitude. This study reveals statistical characteristics on streamflow drought event parameters and detects spatial and temporal trends in the streamflow drought in terms of frequency, duration and severity in Nebraska. The studies are conducted on three time periods: 1970-2001 (60 stations), 1950-2001 (43 stations), and 1932-2001 (9 stations). The statistical tests performed on the drought event parameters include correlation between event parameters tests, Hurst coefficients and lag-one coefficients, and trend-free pre-whitening Mann-Kendall (TFPW-MK) tests. The analysis shows that there is no uniform trend on the streamflow drought in the whole state. However, some trends are evident for specific regions. Specifically, it is most likely that droughts in the Republican watershed have become more intense; whereas the drought has become slightly alleviated in the Missouri and nearby watersheds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-164
Number of pages20
JournalWater Resources Management
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Drought
  • Nebraska
  • Statistics
  • Surface water
  • Time series analysis
  • Trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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