We encountered a man with an unusual reaching disturbance due to a stroke in the right occipito-temporal cortex and subjacent white matter. We studied his behavior in detail including vision and hand control. He had a left homonymous hemianopia. In his remaining fields static visual acuity and stereoacuity were normal, but he could not detect a coherent motion signal or follow moving targets with smooth pursuit. Transduction of limb movements using an optoelectronic technique showed abnormal morphology, increased variability and markedly prolonged latencies for transport to external visual targets, yet he achieved these targets with precision. Reaching to selfbound targets, and to the remembered locations of external targets with vision blocked was 5 × faster. The findings may be explained by: (1) damage in regions homologous to areas TF and TH in the monkey, which provide visual inputs to hand and forelimb representations in the cortex; (2) injury in human regions homologous to the monkey's MT complex, with inability to use visual information on the movement of the limb due to a visual motion processing defect; and (3) disruption of visual cortical-subcortical connections mediating crucial transformations among limb and target representations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Cognitive Neuroscience
- Behavioral Neuroscience