Compact sperm chromatin was obtained from mature trout sperm nuclei resistant to sonication and detergent treatments. 0.5 to 2 M NaCl caused a gradual decondensation of this chromatin and the dependence of the percentage of dissociated proteins on the salt concentration indicated cooperativity of the dissociation process. Urea alone was insufficient to decondense the nuclei. The only proteins dissociated from the sperm nuclei by NaCl alone or combined with urea were protamines. Besides protamines, tightly bound nonprotamine proteins resisting high salt-urea extraction were detected in the sperm nucleus. Part of them could be solubilized by 1% sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and displayed the characteristics of the core histones: they were soluble in 0.25 N H2SO4, their electrophoretic mobilities were similar to those of trout liver core histones, and they shared common antigenic determinants with the latter. The rest of the tightly bound proteins resisted 1% SDS treatment and could be obtained after an extensive digestion of DNA with DNase I. These were nonhistone proteins similar in mobility to the protein triplet characteristic of the lamina-pore complex and an additional high molecular weight protein.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Cell Biology|
|State||Published - Jul 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology