Studies were performed to identify the molecular component responsible for store-operated Ca2+ entry in murine mesangial cells (MMC). Because the canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) family of proteins was previously shown to comprise Ca2+-selective and -nonselective cation channels in a variety of cells, we screened TRPC1-TRPC7 with the use of molecular methods and the fura 2 method to determine their participation as components of the mesangial store-operated Ca2+ (SOC) channel. Using TRPC-specific primers and RT-PCR, we found that cultured MMC contained mRNA for TRPC1 and TRPC4 but not for TRPC2, TRPC3, TRPC5, TRPC6, and TRPC7. Immunocytochemical staining of MMC revealed predominantly cytoplasmic expression of TRPC1 and plasmalemmal expression of TRPC4. The role of TRPC4 in SOC was determined with TRPC4 antisense and fura 2 ratiometric measurements of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). SOC was measured as the increase in [Ca2+]i after extracellular Ca2+ was increased from < 10 nM to 1 mM in the continued presence of thapsigargin. We found that TRPC4 antisense, which reduced plasmalemmal expression of TRPC4, inhibited SOC by 83%. Incubation with scrambled TRPC4 oligonucleotides did not affect SOC. Immunohistochemical staining identified expressed TRPC4 in the glomeruli of mouse renal sections. The results of RT-PCR performed to distinguish between TRPC4-α and TRPC4-β were consistent with expression of both isoforms in brain but with only TRPC4-α expression in MMC. These studies show that TRPC4-α may form the homotetrameric SOC in mouse mesangial cells.
- Canonical transient receptor potential
- Fura 2
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology