The discovery of a truncated cross-effect (CE) in dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) NMR that has the features of an Overhauser-effect DNP (OE-DNP) is reported here. The apparent OE-DNP, where minimal μw power achieved optimum enhancement, was observed when doping Trityl-OX063 with a pyrroline nitroxide radical that possesses electron-withdrawing tetracarboxylate substituents (tetracarboxylate-ester-pyrroline or TCP) in vitrified water/glycerol at 6.9 T and at 3.3 to 85 K, in apparent contradiction to expectations. While the observations are fully consistent with OE-DNP, we discover that a truncated cross-effect (tCE) is the underlying mechanism, owing to TCP's shortened T1e. We take this observation as a guideline and demonstrate that a crossover from CE to tCE can be replicated by simulating the CE of a narrow-line (Trityl-OX063) and a broad-line (TCP) radical pair, with a significantly shortened T1e of the broad-line radical.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry