Trust-Based Cloud Machine Learning Model Selection for Industrial IoT and Smart City Services

Basheer Qolomany, Ihab Mohammed, Ala Al-Fuqaha, Mohsen Guizani, Junaid Qadir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


With machine learning (ML) services now used in a number of mission-critical human-facing domains, ensuring the integrity and trustworthiness of ML models becomes all important. In this work, we consider the paradigm where cloud service providers collect big data from resource-constrained devices for building ML-based prediction models that are then sent back to be run locally on the intermittently connected resource-constrained devices. Our proposed solution comprises an intelligent polynomial-time heuristic that maximizes the level of trust of ML models by selecting and switching between a subset of the ML models from a superset of models in order to maximize the trustworthiness while respecting the given reconfiguration budget/rate and reducing the cloud communication overhead. We evaluate the performance of our proposed heuristic using two case studies. First, we consider Industrial IoT (IIoT) services, and as a proxy for this setting, we use the turbofan engine degradation simulation data set to predict the remaining useful life of an engine. Our results in this setting show that the trust level of the selected models is 0.49%-3.17% less compared to the results obtained using integer linear programming (ILP). Second, we consider smart cities services, and as a proxy of this setting, we use an experimental transportation data set to predict the number of cars. Our results show that the selected model's trust level is 0.7%-2.53% less compared to the results obtained using ILP. We also show that our proposed heuristic achieves an optimal competitive ratio in a polynomial-time approximation scheme for the problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9187421
Pages (from-to)2943-2958
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 2021


  • Adversarial attacks
  • Industrial IoT (IIoT)
  • ML as a Service (MLaaS)
  • automatic model selection
  • deep learning (DL)
  • smart city
  • trusted machine learning (ML) models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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