Tug-of-war: Political mobilization and access to schooling in the southern racial state

Regina E. Werum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Drawing on the resource mobilizaton framework and Jame's concept of the southern racial state, this article examines the mechanisms that influence access to federal vocational programs in the predesegregation South. It explores how local political conditions in 311 counties in three southern states affected training opportunities in federal vocational programs by race, independently of economic factors. It shows that access to these programs was shaped by racially segregated labor markets and that African Americans' access was shaped by the poliical dimension of the southern racial state. Moreover vocational programs for Africal Americans did not just depend on the political mobilization of elites (polity members), as classic resource mobilizaton arguments suggest. Rather, black indigenous organizations provided the institutional basis that increased African Americans' access to the programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-110
Number of pages22
JournalSociology of Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science


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