Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a candidate human immunodeficiency virus type 1-induced neurotoxin that contributes to the pathogenesis of AIDS dementia complex. We report here on the effects of exogenous TNF-α on SK-N- MC human neuroblastoma cells differentiated to a neuronal phenotype with retinoic acid. TNF-α caused a dose-dependent loss of viability and a corresponding increase in apoptosis in differentiated SK-N-MC cells but not in undifferentiated cultures. Importantly, intracellular signalling via TNF receptors, as measured by activation of the transcription factor NF-κB, was unaltered by retinoic acid treatment. Finally, overexpression of bcl-2 or crmA conferred resistance to apoptosis mediated by TNF-α, as did the addition of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine. These results suggest that TNF- α induces apoptosis in neuronal cells by a pathway that involves formation of reactive oxygen intermediates and which can be blocked by specific genetic interventions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Molecular and cellular biology|
|State||Published - May 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology