Tunable catalytic activity of gadolinium-doped ceria nanoparticles for pro-oxidation of hydrogen peroxide

Anuja Bhalkikar, Tai Sing Wu, Tamra J. Fisher, Anandakumar Sarella, Dawei Zhang, Yi Gao, Yun Liang Soo, Chin Li Cheung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We report a study of the roles of gadolinium(III) (Gd3+) dopants in influencing the catalytic activity of gadolinium-doped ceria nanoparticles towards the pro-oxidation of hydrogen peroxide to hydroxyl radicals. These doped ceria nanoparticles with dopant concentrations of 0.6 wt.%, 3 wt.%, and 6 wt.% Gd3+ were synthesized using an ozone-mediated method for tuning their catalytic activities. The Gd dopants were found to foster an increase in the percentage of Ce3+ ions in the doped ceria nanoparticles. Our reaction kinetic study revealed that the relationship between the overall reaction rates and the Gd dopant concentrations in our doped materials followed a volcano-like trend. In contrast, the apparent activation energy values of these Gd-doped ceria nanoparticles were found to be positively associated with the concentrations of Gd dopants. The overall catalytic activity trend was attributed to the interplay between the promotion and degradation effects of the Gd dopants on the properties of doped ceria nanoparticles. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2384-2392
Number of pages9
JournalNano Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020


  • ceria
  • cerium oxide
  • gadolinium
  • hydrogen peroxide
  • hydroxyl radicals
  • ozone
  • pro-oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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