Tungsta- and platinum-tungsta supported on zirconia catalysts (WZ and PtWZ) were tested for isomerization of n-butane with hydrogen at 573 K. The catalysts' reduction kinetics and the chemical state of tungsten were studied by X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) and conventional temperature-programmed (TPR) techniques. Platinum was found to catalyze the reduction of the support and the tungsta co-catalyst. An effective n-butane isomerization catalyst results from the combination of high-temperature calcination and low-temperature reduction. Pyridine adsorption, as monitored by diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS), indicates that water of reduction generates Brønsted acid sites.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry