Twelve weeks of resistance band exercise training improves age-associated hormonal decline, blood pressure, and body composition in postmenopausal women with stage 1 hypertension: a randomized clinical trial

Won Mok Son, Elizabeth J. Pekas, Song Young Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective:Menopause is often accompanied by an age-associated hormonal decline, increased blood pressure (BP), and poor body composition, which may collectively increase risks for cardiovascular disease. It is important to combat the negative effects on age-associated hormonal decline, BP, and body composition by incorporating appropriate lifestyle interventions, such as exercise. We sought to examine the effects of a 12-week resistance band exercise training program on aging-related hormones including estradiol, growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), BP, and body composition in postmenopausal women with stage 1 hypertension.Methods:Postmenopausal women with stage 1 hypertension (n=20) were recruited and randomly assigned to a 12-week resistance band exercise training group (EX, n=10) or control group (CON, n=10). The EX group performed a total-body resistance band exercise training program. Levels of estradiol, GH, IGF-1, DHEA-S, as well as BP and body composition were assessed before and after 12 weeks.Results:There were significant group by time interactions (Plt;0.05) for estradiol, GH, IGF-1, DHEA-S, and lean body mass, which significantly increased (P<0.05), and systolic BP, total body mass, body mass index, and body fat percentage, which significantly decreased (P<0.05) after EX compared to no changes in CON. There were no significant differences (P>0.05) in diastolic BP after 12 weeks.Conclusions:These results indicate that 12 weeks of resistance band exercise may be an effective, easily accessible, and cost-efficient intervention for improving age-associated hormonal decline, high BP, and poor body composition in postmenopausal women with stage 1 hypertension.Video Summary:http://links.lww.com/MENO/A494.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-207
Number of pages9
JournalMenopause
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Dehydroepiandrosterone
  • DHEA-S
  • Estrogen
  • Growth hormone
  • Insulin like growth factor 1
  • Menopause

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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