Two-dimensional blood flow velocity estimation using apparent speckle pattern angle dependence on scan velocity

Tiantian Xu, Gregory R. Bashford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An algorithm which measures the lateral component of blood flow velocity was developed in our previous studies based on the increase in speckle size due to relative motion between moving scatterers and spatial rate of scanner A-line acquisition (scan velocity). In this paper, the apparent dominant angle of the speckle pattern in a straight vessel was investigated and a new method of two-dimensional blood flow velocity estimation is introduced. Different scan velocities were used for data acquisition from blood flow traveling at an angle relative to the ultrasound beam. The apparent angle of the speckle pattern changes with different scan velocities due to mis-registration between the ultrasound beam and scatterers. The apparent angle of the speckle pattern was resolved by line-to-line cross-correlation in the fast time (axial) direction on a region-of-interest (ROI) in each blood flow image and used to spatially align the ROI. The resulting lateral speckle size within the aligned ROI was calculated. The lateral component of the blood flow is shown to be closest to the scan velocity which gives the maximum speckle size and the apparent angle of speckle pattern collected by this scan velocity is the best estimate for the actual angle of blood flow. These two components produce two-dimensional blood flow velocity estimations. Blood flow data were collected from a blood flow phantom with a 50o beam-to-flow angle. Nine scan velocities were used to collect data for three different actual velocities. Estimation results for the 2-D velocity magnitude (mean ± std) were 40.2 ± 10.1, 61.8 ± 9.3, and 96.8 ± 12.3 cm/s for actual velocities of 41, 65, and 98 cm/s respectively. Estimation results for the angle (actual 50°for all tests) were 52.7 ± 7.8, 51.6 ± 6.2, and 53.8 ± 5.2°. These results indicate a promising new way to estimate 2-D blood flow velocity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2012 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2012
Pages319-322
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Event2012 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2012 - Dresden, Germany
Duration: Oct 7 2012Oct 10 2012

Publication series

NameIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
ISSN (Print)1948-5719
ISSN (Electronic)1948-5727

Conference

Conference2012 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2012
CountryGermany
CityDresden
Period10/7/1210/10/12

Keywords

  • 2-D
  • blood flow measurement
  • scan velocity
  • speckle pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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  • Cite this

    Xu, T., & Bashford, G. R. (2012). Two-dimensional blood flow velocity estimation using apparent speckle pattern angle dependence on scan velocity. In 2012 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2012 (pp. 319-322). [6562522] (IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS). https://doi.org/10.1109/ULTSYM.2012.0078