It remains a pressing task to search for new two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting materials for future-generation electronic applications. By using density functional theory computations and global structure prediction methods, we demonstrate two new gold sulfide monolayers (2D Au2S and AuS), both exhibiting excellent electronic properties and high stabilities. All the gold sulfide monolayers are semiconductors with band gaps in the range 1.0-3.6 eV. In particular, the α-Au2S monolayer is predicted to possess a direct band gap of 1.0 eV and extremely high electron and hole mobilities of 8.45 × 104 and 0.40 × 104 cm2 V-1 S-1, respectively. The phonon dispersion calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations indicate that the gold sulfide monolayers exhibit robust dynamical and thermal stabilities. Moreover, the α-Au2S monolayer appears to show strong oxidation resistibility. The novel electronic properties, coupled with structural and chemical stabilities, endow the new gold sulfide monolayers to be highly promising for future applications in nanoelectronics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry