Two-phase modeling of evaporation characteristics of blended methanol-ethanol droplets

S. Raghuram, Vasudevan Raghavan, Daniel N. Pope, George Gogos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The paper presents a two-phase numerical model to simulate transient vaporization of a spherical two-component liquid fuel droplet. The model considers variation of thermo-physical properties in both liquid- and vapor-phases, as functions of temperature and species concentrations. Multi-component diffusion and surface tension effects are also considered. The model has been validated using the experimental data available in literature. The validated model is used to study the vaporization characteristics of both suspended and moving methanol-ethanol blended droplets in an atmospheric pressure environment. Relative strengths of forced convection and Marangoni convection are studied and compared for both suspended and moving droplets. Results in terms of streamlines, isotherms and isopleths at different time instants are reported and discussed. For low relative velocities, solutal Marangoni effects are seen to be important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-59
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
StatePublished - Jun 2013


  • Droplet vaporization
  • Marangoni convection
  • Methanol-ethanol blend
  • Moving droplet
  • Suspended droplet
  • Two-component droplet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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