Types of creativity training: Approaches and their effectiveness

Ginamarie Scott, Lyle E. Leritz, Michael D. Mumford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


Prior meta-analytic studies have provided evidence for the effectiveness of creativity training. In the present study, 156 training programs were obtained and a content analysis was used to appraise these programs with respect to: a) cognitive processes, b) training techniques, c) media, and d) types of practice exercises. A cluster analysis was used to determine the major types of training, as reflected in these variables, and meta-analytic data were used to assess the effectiveness of each type of training. Overall, 11 common types of training were identified, all of which appeared to have some value. However, some types of training, specifically idea production and cognitive training, proved particularly effective while some commonly applied training strategies, specifically imagery training, proved less effective. The implications of these findings for the design of creativity training are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-179
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Creative Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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