Ultra wideband channel coefficient measurements for detecting methane gas in a multipath environment

Ahmed Alshabo, David Stirling, Montserrat Ros, Peter James Vial, Beata Joanna Wysocki, Tadeusz Antoni Wysocki, Nicholas Dal Sasso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, an investigation was carried out into the effect of a non-explosive methane gas mixture on various ultra wide band channel coefficients. Using simplified apparatus consisting of a rubberised tube (6 mm diameter) connected for significant periods to either a (pressurised) source of mixed methane and nitrogen or alternatively to a nitrogen only source. The tube containing either gas feed was wrapped using two complete turns around a 160 mm diameter PVC pipe. Several flows of the mixed gas, containing 2.57% methane, were introduced and flowed through the pipe before being sealed in the tube. Removal of any methane in the tube was achieved by flushing it with the pure nitrogen source, initially and in-between samples of the mixed source. A Vector Network Analyser was connected using two identical directional antennas with the wrapped section of tubing placed between the two antennas and the wireless channel coefficients were measured over the ultra wide band frequency span of 0.3–8 GHz. Magnitude differences were taken between the baseline condition (tube flushed out with nitrogen) and alternatively containing the methane mixture. It was found that consistent and repeatable experiments produced the same trend of differences over the same frequency span. This system based on this approach could thus be used as a simple sensor to detect the accumulation of methane gas in an environment well before it becomes explosive at around a concentration of 5%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalAustralian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2016

Keywords

  • Network analyzer (VNA)
  • channel coefficients
  • directional antennas word
  • methane gas
  • ultra wideband

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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