Updated guidance for palivizumab prophylaxis among infants and young children at increased risk of hospitalization for respiratory syncytial virus infection

Michael T. Brady, Carrie L. Byington, Herbert Dele Davies, Kathryn M. Edwards, Mary Anne Jackson, Yvonne A. Maldonado, Dennis L. Murray, Walter A. Orenstein, Mobeen H. Rathore, Mark H. Sawyer, Gordon E. Schutze, Rodney E. Willoughby, Theoklis E. Zaoutis, Henry H. Bernstein, David W. Kimberlin, Sarah S. Long, H. Cody Meissner, Marc A. Fischer, Bruce G. Gellin, Richard L. GormanLucia H. Lee, R. Douglas Pratt, Jennifer S. Read, Joan L. Robinson, Marco Aurelio Palazzi Safadi, Jane F. Seward, Jeffrey R. Starke, Geoffrey R. Simon, Tina Q. Tan, Joseph A. Bocchini, W. Robert Morrow, Larry K. Pickering, Geoffrey L. Rosenthal, Dan L. Stewart, Almut Winterstein, Jennifer M. Frantz, Shawn L. Ralston, Allan S. Lieberthal, Brian K. Alverson, Jill E. Baley, Anne M. Gadomski, David W. Johnson, Michael J. Light, Nizar F. Maraqa, Eneida A. Mendonca, Kieran J. Phelan, Joseph J. Zorc, Danette Stanko-Lopp, Sinsi Hernández-Cancio, Mark A. Brown, Ian Nathanson, Elizabeth Rosenblum, Stephen Sayles, Caryn Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

130 Scopus citations


Palivizumab was licensed in June 1998 by the Food and Drug Administration for the reduction of serious lower respiratory tract infection caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in children at increased risk of severe disease. Since that time, the American Academy of Pediatrics has updated its guidance for the use of palivizumab 4 times as additional data became available to provide a better understanding of infants and young children at greatest risk of hospitalization attributable to RSV infection. The updated recommendations in this policy statement reflect new information regarding the seasonality of RSV circulation, palivizumab pharmacokinetics, the changing incidence of bronchiolitis hospitalizations, the effect of gestational age and other risk factors on RSV hospitalization rates, the mortality of children hospitalized with RSV infection, the effect of prophylaxis on wheezing, and palivizumab-resistant RSV isolates. This policy statement updates and replaces the recommendations found in the 2012 Red Book.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-420
Number of pages6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2014


  • Bronchiolitis
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Infants and young children
  • Palivizumab
  • RSV
  • Respiratory syncytial virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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