Updates on the risk markers and outcomes of severe juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis

Sheila T. Angeles-Han, Steven Yeh, Larry B. Vogler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Uveitis is the most common extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, which is the most common systemic cause of uveitis in children. Known risk factors for uveitis include antinuclear antibody seropositivity, young age of arthritis onset, specific juvenile idiopathic arthritis subtype and short duration of disease. Risk markers for severe ocular disease include gender, age and complications at initial visit. Due to the risk for vision-compromising sequelae such as cataracts, band keratopathy, glaucoma, vision loss and blindness, an understanding of the risk factors for uveitis development and severe ocular disease is crucial to help prevent serious visual disability and complications. This paper reviews the pathogenesis of uveitis, known risk factors for uveitis development and severe visual outcome, and addresses the need for additional biomarkers of uveitis risk, prognosis and remission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-121
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Rheumatology
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Juvenile arthritis
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis
  • Ocular disease
  • Pediatric rheumatology
  • Risk
  • Uveitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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