Upregulation of expression of platelet-derived growth factor and its receptor in pneumonia associated with SHIV-infected macaques

Navneet K. Dhillon, Yongjun Sui, David Pinson, Shanping Li, Sukhbir Dhillon, Ossama Tawfik, Shannon Callen, Olga Nemon, Opendra Narayan, Shilpa J. Buch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: HIV-associated pulmonary disorders are the most frequent cause of AIDS-related deaths. Rhesus macaques infected with SIV-HIV (SHIV) recapitulate the human HIV-1 lung disease and provide an excellent working model to study the pathogenesis of the human syndrome. Lungs of macaques with SHIV-associated pneumonia have pathology involving macrophage and T cell infiltration that is often accompanied with concurrent opportunistic infections. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between SHIV-associated respiratory disease and the expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) B chain (PDGF-B) and its cognate receptors, PDGF-Rα and PDGF-Rβ, which have been implicated in chronic inflammatory processes. METHODS: Lung tissues from 10 SHIV-infected rhesus macaques were evaluated for pathological changes and correlation of these lesions with PDGF-B/PDGF-R expression by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Virus-associated pneumonia was associated with virus replication in macrophages in the lungs, enhanced recruitment of macrophages and mononuclear cells into the organ, and, occasionally, fibrosis. These changes were accompanied by upregulation of PDGF-B and its cognate receptors in the diseased tissue. Confocal microscopy identified SHIV-infected macrophages as one of the major cell types expressing PDGF-B and PDGF-Rα/β in the affected lungs. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that PDGF and its cognate receptors play a critical role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary disease associated with this virus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-316
Number of pages10
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Macrophages
  • PDGF
  • PDGF receptor
  • Pneumonia
  • SHIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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