Urban-rural differences in breast cancer incidence in Egypt (1999-2006)

Subhojit Dey, Amr S. Soliman, Ahmad Hablas, Ibrahim A. Seifeldein, Kadry Ismail, Mohamed Ramadan, Hesham El-Hamzawy, Mark L. Wilson, Mousumi Banerjee, Paolo Boffetta, Joe Harford, Sofia D. Merajver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe urban-rural differences in breast cancer incidence in Gharbiah, Egypt and to investigate if these differences could be explained by known risk factors of breast cancer. Methods: We used data from the population-based cancer registry of Gharbiah, Egypt to assess breast cancer incidence from 1999 through 2006. The Egyptian census provided data on district-specific population, age, and urban-rural classification. Incidence patterns of breast cancer by district and age-specific urban-rural differences were analyzed. Results: Overall, incidence rate of breast cancer was three to four times higher in urban areas than in rural areas (60.9/105-year for urban areas versus 17.8/105-year for rural areas; IRR=3.73, 95% CI=3.30, 4.22). Urban areas had consistently higher incidence of breast cancer across all age-groups for all years. Higher incidence of breast cancer was also seen in the more developed districts of Tanta and El-Mehalla. Conclusions: Higher incidence of breast cancer in urban and more developed populations might be related to higher exposure to xenoestrogens, as well as other endocrine disruptors and genotoxic substances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-423
Number of pages7
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Urban-rural differences in breast cancer incidence in Egypt (1999-2006)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this