While the mechanisms of catatonia remain poorly understood, there are known and effective treatments for it, namely high-dose benzodiazepines and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). For more than 75 years, ECT has been successfully used for the treatment of severe psychiatric disorders, including catatonia. This special report describes ECT in patients with catatonia, its indications, treatment logistics, decision-making about when to use ECT instead of conservative treatment, special circumstances and adverse effects.
- electroconvulsive therapy
- neuroleptic malignant syndrome
- side effects
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology