Stimulus frequency otoacoustic emission (SFOAE) sound pressure level (SPL) and latency were measured at probe frequencies from 500 to 4000 Hz and probe levels from 40 to 70 dB SPL in 16 normal-hearing adult ears. The main goal was to use SFOAE latency estimates to better understand possible source mechanisms such as linear coherent reflection, nonlinear distortion, and reverse transmission via the cochlear fluid, and how those sources might change as a function of stimulus level. Another goal was to use SFOAE latencies to noninvasively estimate cochlear tuning. SFOAEs were dominated by the reflection source at low stimulus levels, consistent with previous research, but neither nonlinear distortion nor fluid compression become the dominant source even at the highest stimulus level. At each stimulus level, the SFOAE latency was an approximately constant number of periods from 1000 to 4000 Hz, consistent with cochlear scaling symmetry. SFOAE latency decreased with increasing stimulus level in an approximately frequency-independent manner. Tuning estimates were constant above 1000 Hz, consistent with simultaneous masking data, but in contrast to previous estimates from SFOAEs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics