Behavioral threshold for a tone burst presented in a long-duration noise masker decreases as the onset of the tone burst is delayed relative to masker onset. The threshold difference between detection of early- and late-onset tone bursts is called overshoot. Although the underlying mechanisms are unclear, one hypothesis is that overshoot occurs due to efferent suppression of cochlear nonlinearity [von Klitzing, R., and Kohlrausch, A. (1994). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95, 2192-2201]. This hypothesis was tested by using overshoot conditions to elicit stimulus-frequency otoacoustic emissions (SFOAEs), which provide a physiological measure of cochlear nonlinearity. SFOAE and behavioral thresholds were estimated using a modified maximum-likelihood yes-no procedure. The masker was a 400-ms "frozen" notched noise. The signal was a 20-ms, 4-kHz tone burst presented at 1 or 200 ms after the noise onset. Behavioral overshoot results replicated previous studies, but no overshoot was observed in SFOAE thresholds. This suggests that either efferent suppression of cochlear nonlinearity is not involved in overshoot, or a SFOAE threshold estimation procedure based on stimuli similar to those used to study behavioral overshoot is not sensitive enough to measure the effect.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics