Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the free fibula flap in patients who had failed prior attempts at bony reconstruction. Patients and Methods: The records of all patients who had undergone free fibula reconstruction for segmental mandibular resections between 1993 and 1995 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into group I (14 patients who had failed previous bony reconstruction attempts) and group II (50 patients who had no previous reconstruction), and the two groups were compared. Results: No statistical differences were found between group I and group II for mean age, mean hospital stay, mean intensive care unit stay, mean operating room time, mean intraoperative blood loss, mean colloid usage, or mean blood units transfused. Although group I had a statistically higher proportion of both patients with osteoradionecrosis and those receiving hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO), the number with a history of radiation therapy was not different in the two groups. Wound complication rates were not statistically different between groups I and II for all patients, or between those group I patients who did or did not receive HBO therapy. Conclusion: There was no increase in wound complications in the patients who had failed prior bony reconstructive attempts who underwent free fibula flaps. The free fibula flap is suggested as the reconstructive method of choice in this patient population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery