Use of whole grain and refined flour from tannin and non-tannin sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties in frybread

Devin J. Rose, Emily Williams, Nyambe L. Mkandawire, Curtis L. Weller, David S. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Frybreads were prepared using wheat flour and wheat-sorghum composite flours (refined and whole grain; white, tannin-free and red, tannin-containing) at 0, 25, 50, and 75% sorghum flour. Hardness, volume, specific volume, color, and oil uptake were determined. Frybreads made with refined white, tannin-free sorghum were also evaluated in a sensory panel. Substitution of sorghum flour for wheat flour reduced the volume and increased the darkness of the fried dough pieces compared with wheat flour controls. Oil absorption was unaffected when using white, tannin-free sorghum. When using red, tannin-containing sorghum, oil absorption increased for refined flour and decreased for whole grain flour, suggesting that a component only present in the whole grain tannin-containing Sorghum - perhaps tannins themselves - may decrease oil uptake. Panelists rated frybreads containing up to 50% white, tannin-free sorghum flour as not significantly different from control frybreads made with refined wheat flour.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-339
Number of pages7
JournalFood Science and Technology International
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Frying
  • composite
  • gluten-free
  • oil uptake
  • sensory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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