Myocardial contrast echocardiography has revealed that successful coronary angioplasty results in an immediate decrease in the amount of collateral blood flow to the perfusion bed supplied by the dilated vessel. This information could potentially be used with pharmacologic stress in the catheterization laboratory to also assess the improvement in coronary flow reserve after angioplasty. The immediate changes in area under the time intensity curve produced by a 1 ml stow injection of sonicated albumin immediately proximal to a stenosis before and after 14 angiographically successful angioplasties was studied in 12 patients. Area under the curve was assessed before and after an 8 mg selective injection of papaverine. The changes in area under the curve were correlated with percent improvement in epicardial area stenosis. Visually successful angioplasty resulted in >30% improvement in area under the curve after papaverine in 9 of 14 studies. There was a significant correlation between improvement in area under the curve after papaverine and percent improvement in epicardial area stenosis (r = 0.75; p < 0.01). No patient had left ventricular wall motion abnormalities after papaverine before or after angioplasty. These changes suggest that quantitatively successful angioplasty results in decreased collateral blood flow to the involved myocardium during pharmacologic stress. These improvements in coronary flow reserve cannot be predicted by visual analysis of angioplasty results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine